Since the dawn of human history, man has been striving hard to build high in order to make his mark on the world. Towers, pyramids, obelisks, cathedral’s steeples etc. are perhaps the earliest archi ... Read More

A noticeable implication of unprecedented expansion in size and population of major cities of Pakistan has been the demand for transport facilities and services. The generally low car ownership rate ... Read More

A study was conducted to evaluate the feasibility of Activated Sludge Process (ASP) for the treatment of tannery wastewater and to develop a simple design criteria under local conditions. A bench sc ... Read More

This paper deals with the issue of colonization of peripheral housing schemes by taking Lahore as a case study. It not only presents an analysis of the dynamics of the colonization process but also ... Read More

In this paper thermal DeNOx process for Selective Non-Catalytic removal (SNCR) of nitric oxide from engine exhaust gases has been discussed and optimum parameters i.e optimum temperature, optimum re ... Read More

Performance of compression ignition engine is known to be spray characteristics related. Precise experimental information on fuel sprays is of utmost importance to model the fuel spray formation and ... Read More

Nine rock types including Sandstone, Limestone, Siltstone, Dolomite and Marl collected from six different rock formations of the Salt Range area of Pakistan were tested to evaluate the correlations ... Read More

On 6 July 2004, two parallel-running gas pipelines (18-inch and 24-inch diameters), in the main transmission network of SNGPL (a gas company in Pakistan) were ruptured. The ruptures occurred in the ... Read More

This paper describes the results from a series of monotonic plane strain compression tests on large-scale prismatic specimens of compacted gravel under drained condition. The purpose of this study w ... Read More

Composite action of any reinforced concrete member is only possible if sufficient bond strength exists between steel reinforcing bars and concrete, which can adequately transfer shear stress between ... Read More