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This experimental study used repeated measures’ design for two considerations of using individual vs. collaborative learning procedures. Eighty undergraduate psychology students from two analog classes were engaged in the experiment. Students from both classes were first examined at the start of semester on their social skills and academic confidence. Then the instructor adopted the individual learning method for teaching in one class and collaborative learning method in second class. Students were then again examined at the end of semester on study variables. The pre-testing of variables showed non-significant differences on social skills and academic confidence among students from both classes. The post-testing of variables demonstrated significant differences in the degree of the social skills and academic confidence among the students learning collaboratively and individually. Obviously, the “social skills and the academic confidence” appeared to be enhanced more among collaborative students than those of the individual students. Hence, collaborative learning was suggested to be encouraged by teachers.

Sarwat Sultan,  Irshad Hussain , Frasat Kanwal. (2020) Individual versus Collaborative Learning: A Strategy for Promoting Social Skills and Academic Confidence among Students, Journal of Educational research, Volume 23, Issue 1.
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