Cities having industries with high productivity and employment magnetize rural population and resultantly influence commercial activities. Likewise other developing economies, Pakistan (sixth most populous country in the world) also experienced a rise in its rate of urbanization at 2.81% in 2015-16. This raising pace of urbanization embraces emerging challenge of resource reallocation in both rural and urban sectors of the economy. Thus the structural transformation in the economy along effective nutrition and human developmental policies are serious notes among the many other socio-economic developmental strategies of country. In order to address access to necessities (food and drinking water insecurity and sanitation services), the present study is an attempt to discuss the association of improvement in health care, sanitation, water availability and especially food insecurity. For the purpose, time series data is taken for the period of 1975 to 2016.While to analyze the impact of urbanization to the necessities, this paper gives particular attention to theoretical and empirical findings observed from attributes of population development in rural areas. Technique of ARDL and Toda Yamamoto Granger Causality are applied to examine the relationship of variables. The study finds a significant association of food, sanitation services and water availability to the growth of urban population.
Rummana Zaheer, Sanam Wagma Khattak, Saman Hussain. (2019) Urbanization and Its Impact on Necessities: Opportunities and Challenges in Pakistan, The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, Volume-27, Issue-2.