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The study investigates the issue of out of labor force women in Pakistan, one of the possible causes of the lowest FLFP rate of Pakistan amongst the South Asian regional countries. The study uses PSLM (2013-14) household survey data and explores different socioeconomic and demographic factors which are influencing educated women to stay out of the labor force. It concludes that women, who belong to the younger age groups living in urban areas, belonging to higher consumption groups, who have the youngest children at home are more likely to be out of the labor force. The women whose employment decisions are taken by the heads of the households are also more likely to be out of the labor force. As the education levels of the women increase, they are less likely to stay out of the labor force. The results of the study provides useful insights to policymakers to formulate different policies to motivate women to participate in labor market activities.

Zubaria Andlib, Aliya H. Khan. (2019) The Paradox of Out of Labor Force Educated Women in Pakistan: Evidence from PSLM 2013-14 Household Survey, The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, Volume-27, Issue-2.
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