The present study aims to critically analyze Punjabi proverbs related to childhood in the light of Feminist Critical Discourse Analysis. Stratified purposive sampling has been used to identify a collection of 164 Punjabi proverbs that mention sons and daughters or boys and girls. The source of these selections is a dictionary (Bajwa, 2011). FCDA focuses on the production, negotiation, and dissemination of gendered relations of power through discursive practices. Proverbs are transcribed and translated and divided into thematic domains and categories with the help of native speakers having English proficiency. The results of the quantitative analysis indicate that the girls are target characters in a more significant number of proverbs compared to the boys. The study contends that male babies and boys have been presented in a glorifying and satisfying manner while female babies and girls are depicted as some calamity and burden. The analysis revealed that Punjabi society is biased towards children based on their gender. These discursive patriarchal tendencies are not only depreciating female children but also depriving them of their self-esteem and social confidence. Gender bias is not only being reflected but also conserved, propagated, and perpetuated through such traditional folk genre. It can be suggested that such ideologically loaded cultural oral traditions must be brought under severe scrutiny and replaced by more neutral oral genres.
Lubna Akhlaq Khan, Muhammad Safeer Awan. (2019) Gendering the Childhood: A Feminist Critique of Asymmetries Found in Punjabi Proverbs, The Journal of Humanities & Social Sciences, Volume-27, Issue-1.