Objective: To determine the association of systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) score in pediatric onset SLE (p-SLE) with clinical and laboratory parameters.Methods: This cross sectional observational study was conducted at Division of Rheumatology, Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore from November 2018 to January 2019. Total 23 patients diagnosed with p-SLE having onset of symptoms at ≤ 18 years of age, irrespective of their current age at presentation, of either gender, fulfilling criteria of 2012 Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) criteria were enrolled. Patients’ clinical symptoms and laboratory parameters were reviewed, SLEDAI scores were calculated. Collected Data were entered in proforma and analyzed on SPSS version 23.Results:There were 91.3% females. Mean age at diagnosis was 11years ± 4years. At presentation patients had hematological involvement 69.6% followed by mucocutaneous symptoms 65.2% and renal involvement 21.6%. ANA by IFA was positive in all, while anti-ds-DNA was positive in 78.3% patients. SLEDAI score was ≥6 in 87% patients, average SLEDAI score was higher in patients with renal involvement (p=0.06). Elevated ESR (r=0.48, p=0.02), Anti-dsDNA (r=0.44, p=0.05) and low complement levels (p=0.03) were significantly positively correlated, while hemoglobin (r= -0.43, p=0.04) was negatively correlated with the SLEDAI score. Conclusion:In this study, patients with Lupus Nephritis had high SLEDAI scores. Elevated Anti-dsDNA titer, ESR, low complement levels and hemoglobin were significantly associated with high SLEDAI scores. We recommend that SLEDAI score should be calculated in p-SLE patients for stringent disease monitoring and treatment
Roshila Shamim, Sumaira Farman, Shabnam Batool, Saira Elaine Anwer Khan, Muhammad Kamil Hussain Raja. (2020) Association of systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index score with clinical and laboratory parametersin pediatric onset systemic lupus erythematosus, Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, Volume -36, Issue 3.