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ostprandial hyperglycemia is a significant driver of common chronic diseases globally. In a single individual on a given day, carbohydrate-rich foods are the major determinant of Pos ... Read More

We read with great interest the Kamran study on the findings of clinical practice with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (GIE) in a rural hospital in Pakistan.1 Worldwide, there have bee ... Read More

Adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare malignancy that arises from the adrenal cortex and often presents as adrenal incidentaloma on abdominal scans with rise in the use of imaging modalities. ACC o ... Read More

A Caucasian man in early 80s was seen in Gastroenterology Clinic, following, referral from the Endocrinology Clinic for concerns for CT Abdomen requested for tiredness and weight loss of ... Read More

Background & Objective:Dates fruit is known for its great nutritional value and two to three servings of dates fruit/day are beneficial for patients with diabetes. However, some may advice against thi ... Read More

Background and Objectives:Medical Professionalism (MP) establishes the trust between society and doctors. We aimed at finding frequently highlighted qualities of MP in the literature.Method ... Read More

Covid-19 pandemic, continues all over the world with the increasing number of confirmed cases and performed tests day by day. It has been shown that collecting nasopharyngeal ... Read More

Objective:To assess the prevalence of shoulder pain and functional disability (SPFD) in Type-1 diabetic patients, and to explore its association with duration of the disease, age and gender.Methods: A ... Read More

Objective:Assessment of skills is an important part of medical education. The objective was to find out how students perceive their learning after being assessed through OSCE.Methods:It was a mixed co ... Read More

Objective: Problematic cell phone use is common among young age groups which include university students, and may be accompanied by social anxiety and eating disorders. We ai ... Read More

Objective:To determine effectiveness of proprioceptive training and conventional physical therapy in managing patients with adhesive capsulitis.Methods:A pre-test post-test control group st ... Read More

Objectives: This research aims to identify the effects of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms on the school exam scores in medical students.Methods: This cross-sectional study was designed at ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the Prevalence and associated risk factors among patients with overactive bladder syndrome in Pakistan.Methods: This was a community-based, face to face, cross sec ... Read More

Objectives: Prediction of ICU admission after surgery are important for rational decision-making for different patients in clinical practice. Little information is available about the ris ... Read More

Background and Objective: Myofascial neck pain is a common musculoskeletal problem caused by presence of trigger points and local and referred pain patterns. Chronic neck pain is responsible for the i ... Read More

Objectives: To investigate the blood plasma levels of Fetuin-A protein in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and healthy controls that could offer novel diagnostic biomarkers of disease deve ... Read More

Background and Objectives: It is known that the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is increased in acromegaly. Craniofacial anomalies, macroglossia, and thickening of the laryngeal wall cause ... Read More

Objectives:To investigate the value of dynamic monitoring of serum procalcitonin (PCT) in anti-infective therapy of patients with acute stroke.Methods:This is a case control retrospect ... Read More

Objectives: To assess the mutational frequencies in Mycobacterial rpoB gene using GeneXpert/MTB Rif Assay in rifampicin resistant patients during 2013-2017 at a tertiary care setting in U ... Read More

Objective: This study aims to evaluate the clinical effect of alteplase combined with butylphthalide in treating patients with acute anterior circulation cerebral infarction.Methods: Retrospective stu ... Read More

Objectives: Teenage pregnancy with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) offers a real challenge to the health system and needs a special care. We aimed to evaluate possible obstetrical an ... Read More

Objectives:To analyze the prevalence & characteristics of sudden sensorineural hearing loss.Methods:This cross sectional study including n=377 cases of sensorineural hearing impairment, usi ... Read More

Objectives: We aimed to investigate whether Monocyte-to-HDL ratio (MHR) had an association with albuminuria in patients with diabetic nephropathy (DN).Methods: Diabetic patients, who ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effect of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (HDIVIG) single dose and pulse therapy combined with small-dose prednisone acetate in the treatment of patients with ... Read More

Objective: To assess the role of abdominal binder in patients with midline wound dehiscence after elective or emergency laparotomy in terms of pain, psychological satisfaction and need for reclosure.M ... Read More

Objectives:To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of transcatheter arterial embolization for controlling spontaneous hemorrhage in patients with acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD).Met ... Read More

Objectives:We designed this prospective observational study to clarify the associations between dialysate IL-6, a marker of ongoing peritoneal inflammation, Tie2, an important factor in an ... Read More

Objectives: To assess the effect of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or stress urinary incontinence (SUI) on various domains of female sexual functions in patients before and after reconstructive surge ... Read More

Objectives: To correlate compliance to personal protective equipment (PPE) protocols and risk of exposure to SARS-COV-2 infection in endoscopy staff. Methods: We included 85 endoscopic procedures perf ... Read More

Objective: To explore the interventional therapy and clinical efficacy of extracranial ICA aneurysm.Methods: The clinical data of eight patients with extracranial ICA aneurysm treated by ... Read More

Objectives:Evaluation of TBL from students’ perspective has been done extensively, but limited studies have analyzed the effect of TBL on students’ academic performance. Objectives of the present stud ... Read More

Objectives:The current study aimed to determine the Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis (SBP) risk due to increased use of Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) among cirrhotic patients with ascites.Methods: T ... Read More

Objective: To explore the effects of COVID 19 on reproductive and child health services and gender relations. Methods: This is a Qualitative Exploratory Research. Due to lockd ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the effect of sintilimab combined with chemotherapy on tumor markers and immune function in advanced non-small cell lung cancer.Methods: The study was conducted at ... Read More

Objective: To determine Vitamin-D status in children with urinary tract infection.Methods: ACross-sectional study was done at Pediatric Department, Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad, from July 201 ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) combined with escitalopram in patients with depression and its effect on cognitive function.Methods:From 2016 to 2018, sevent ... Read More

Objectives: To explore experiences of medical residents about stages and nature of transitional journey from induction into residency program to achievement of consultant title. Methods: Qualitative p ... Read More

Objective: The study aimed to investigate the effect of Ramadan Fasting on Patients with Chronic Diseases and their experience during fasting. Methods:This study was a descriptive rese ... Read More

Objectives:To evaluate the clinical effect of apatinib combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).Methods: Eighty patients with advanced NSCLC treated i ... Read More

Objective: To investigate clinical outcomes of open and retroperitoneal laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery in the treatment of complex renal tumours.Methods: A retrospective case study was co ... Read More

Objective: To fine out fatigue frequency and severity by FACIT-F scale in Pakistani cohort with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods: This study was conducted at department of Medicine division of rheumatolog ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the prevalence of asymptomatic cardiac autonomic neuropathy and its association with risk factors among patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Methods: The p ... Read More

Objective: This study aims to compare the clinical application value of high-flux dialysis with low-flux dialysis in patients without significantly improved renal function after cervical cancer and ob ... Read More

Objectives: To compare the reliability of non-fasting oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) versus fasting OGTT for screening of hyperglycaemia in pregnancy (HIP).Methods: This cross section ... Read More

Objective:To identify factors causing diagnostic and therapeutic delay in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and to evaluate relationship of diagnostic and therapeutic delay with disease ... Read More

Objectives: We explored the utility of WeChat applet as part of the Outpatient Department (OPD) to provide patients with timely queuing information and compared it with the traditional ... Read More

Objective: The study was aimed to investigate the association among emotion regulation, optimism and quality of life among gastric ulcer patients.Methods: The Cross-sectional study was conducted in pu ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the changes in levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and hematological parameters among smokeless tobacco (SLT) users.Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted ... Read More

Objective: To assess the anatomical and functional outcomes of treating chronic persistent large macular hole by macular hole hydrodissection technique in a tertiary eye care hospital.Methods: This ... Read More

Objectives:Examine the effect of fasting during Ramadan on kidney functions in patients with chronic kidney disease.Methods: The study was conducted on 130 patients with stage III-IV chroni ... Read More

Objectives: To study the correlations of circulating miR-26b level with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and cardiac function in elderly patients with hypertension.Methods: A total of 132 eligib ... Read More

Background & Objectives:Sports activities are highly beneficial for improving the human health and reducing the risk of diseases. This cross sectional study aimed to investigate the preval ... Read More

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical significance of individualized nutritional formulas on inflammatory factors, immune status and gastrointestinal tolerance in patients with severe head injury. Meth ... Read More

Background and Objectives: The Covid-19 pandemic has caused large-scale disruption in almost all educational programs across the world. Planning and rapid implementation of assessment thr ... Read More

Objective:The postoperative period is critical in neurosurgical patients, where the incidence of postoperative AEs is significantly high. Most of events occurs during recovery phase ... Read More

Background and Objective: There has been concerns regarding the safety of Warfarin in pregnant females due to its teratogenic potential. At the same time warfarin provides best anticoagulation in pati ... Read More

The cardiovascular complications of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) constitute acute cardiac injury (myopericarditis/myocarditis, myocardial infarction, stress cardiomyopathy, pe ... Read More

The present modern and highly advanced 21’st century is the era of Science and Technology. Universities are the basic birthplace of higher education, research, a ... Read More

We have read the review ‘COVID-19 Pandemic: Impact of Quarantine on Medical Students’ Mental Wellbeing and Learning Behaviours’ by Meo and colleagues.1 We would like to make some c ... Read More

A 26-year-old male was referred to the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery of a tertiary care hospital in Lahore with chief complaint of painless swelling on the ... Read More

Maxillary lateral incisor is the most frequent congenitally missing anterior tooth of the permanent dentition. The absence of the anterior tooth can adversely affect the production/transmiss ... Read More

We have created a bleeding leg simulator using inexpensive and readily available materials to teach civilians in resource-poor settings how to control exsanguinating hemorrhage until the patient can b ... Read More

Ileosigmoid knotting (ISK) is an extremely rare double-loop bowel obstruction. ISK is treated by emergency surgery with a relatively poor prognosis. Although some classification methods have been deve ... Read More

At the end of 2019 a novel coronavirus was identified in Wuhan, China. The disease caused by the severe acute respiratory distress syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was designated COVID-19 (corona v ... Read More

Objective: Bladder rupture caused by transurethral clot evacuation is rare in clinic, but an emergency operation is indeed needed in the patient with bladder rupture. We analyzed the re ... Read More

Objectives: This study asseses the association of overactive bladder symptoms and pelvic organ prolapse severity and evaluates the effect of pelvic reconstructive surgery on overactive bladder (OAB) s ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the effectiveness of mobile health augmented cardiac rehabilitation (MCard) on health-related quality of life (HRQoL), clinical and behavioural outcomes in post-ACS. Methods:A ... Read More

Objective:To investigate the correlation between monocyte to high-density lipoprotein ratio (MHR) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with acute coronary s ... Read More

Objective: To observe application values of intraoperative ultrasound combined with neuro electrophysiological detection in the spinal cord glioma surgery.Methods:Sixty patients wi ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the outcome of traumatic tympanic membrane perforation in a teaching hospital at Peshawar, Pakistan.Methods: This prospective observational study was performed in the ... Read More

Objectives:To analyze whether leucopenia and lymphopenia a characteristic feature of children with COVID-19 and to find out its association with the disease severity.Methods: This was a de ... Read More

Objective:This study was aimed to compare the shock index (SI) values between patients who required blood transfusion due to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) and patients who received no blood transfusion. ... Read More

Objectives: To investigate immune cell densities in tumor microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2017-2019 at the Dow Univer ... Read More

Objective: The current study aimed to explore clinical research efficacy of teaching and practicing medical professionals in Pakistan. The role of socio-demographic factors in t ... Read More

Objective: To explore the factors influencing women’s selection of the delivery method of their second child.Methods: A questionnaire survey was administered among 431 women in the age range ... Read More

Objective:To analyze the characteristics of chest high resolution computed tomography (CT) images of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).Methods:This is a retrospective study analyzin ... Read More

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of time and hydration (ageing) on flexural strength of yttrium-stabilized zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZP) zirconia fabricated from three different materi ... Read More

Objective: To assess burnout in medical educators and to identify factors associated with it.Methods: A sequential mixed methods research study was conducted over eight months from July 2018 until Feb ... Read More

Objectives: Chronic suppurative otitis media is a major cause of acquired hearing impairment, especially in children of developing countries. The study sought to explore the bacteriological profile an ... Read More

Objectives: This study aims to test the association between diabetes and tuberculosis.Methods: It is a matched case control study conducted in tertiary care hospitals in 2019-2020. Case ... Read More

Objective: A comparison of the initial stability of narrow- and standard-diameter implants (SDIs) placed in Type-I and Type-IV bone-blocks is not yet reported. The aim was to evaluate in ... Read More

Objectives:Acute leukaemia is the most common and highly curable childhood malignancy; subtyping and identification of antigens via immunophenotyping helps in treatment plan as well as min ... Read More

Objectives: To evaluate the clinical value of susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) combined with diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) in patients with liver cirrhosis complicated with small hepatocellula ... Read More

Objectives:To assess patterns & outcomes of dog bite injuries coming to a public sector tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan.Methods:This was a one-year descriptive cross ... Read More

Objective: This study was conducted to explore the faculty’s opinion regarding factors impeding practical transition from traditional to integrated medical curriculum at the outset and a few years aft ... Read More

Background and Objectives: Gaucher disease (GD) is a rare hereditary disorder caused by deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme β-glucocerebrosidase. An early and definitive diagnosis minimizes the sequela ... Read More

Background and Objective:Helicobacter Pylori (H. pylori) is a widespread infection across the globe having a high prevalence among the developing countries. Iron Deficiency is anticipated to be the mo ... Read More

Objectives:This study was aimed to illustrate the determents of consanguinity and inbreeding coefficient-F (ICF) in the population of Okara district of Pakistan and to elucidate the impact of consangu ... Read More

Objectives: Postoperative sore throat (POST) is a common complication related to endotracheal intubation. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of POST in patients intubated by trainee an ... Read More

Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate possible differences in the levels of anxiety, burnout and job satisfaction among emergency medicine doctors based on their age, ... Read More

Objectives:To measure service quality gaps in dental services provided at public hospitals of the district, Rawalpindi. Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted in two of the public hospitals o ... Read More

Objective:To highlight the prevalence of incidentally discovered ocular findings harvested amongst candidates of different age groups presented for pre-employment screening in a tertiary car ... Read More

Objectives: To observe the clinical value of 3D printing technology assisted surgery combined with early postoperative comprehensive rehabilitation in elderly patients with intertrochanteric fractures ... Read More

Objectives: to determine the relationship of 374T/A (rs1800624) polymorphism in the gene encoding RAGE with Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), diabetic retinopathy (DR) and serum soluble RAGE (sRAGE) le ... Read More

Objectives: The current study aimed to determine the effect of acne vulgaris on quality of life of young adults and to assess the correlation between acne severity and impairment of quality of life (Q ... Read More

Objective: To detect ZIKV using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) among clinical samples tested negative for Dengue virus (DENV) by RT-PCR in Punjab, 2016.Methods: A descripti ... Read More

Objectives: To see the effect of intra operative antegrade flexible nephroscopy during Percutaneous nephrolithotomy on stone free rate.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records ... Read More

Objective:This study was aimed to elucidate the prevalence-pattern and determinant of cesarean section (CS) in a multiethnic cohort from Pakistan.Methods:Through a cross-sectional study design, women ... Read More

Objective: To analyze the outcome of repair of aortic valve disease associated with various types of ventricular septal defect.Methods: In a retrospective observational study design, d ... Read More

Objectives: To detect the relationship between serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) components in patients of the Saudi population.Methods: This cross-sectional stud ... Read More

Objectives:To assess the frequency and pattern of associated congenital heart disease (CHD) among patients with “non-cardiac congenital defects”.Methods:An observational study was done a ... Read More

Objective:To evaluate the possible association of ABCB1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNPs) of the ABCB1 gene with tacrolimus dosages, concentration-to-dose ratios (CDR) and adverse effe ... Read More

Objective:To justify the allocation of human and financial resources, this study aims to identify multiple stakeholders’ views of medical education research priorities in Pakistan for the next five ye ... Read More

Background and Objectives: Chronic liver disease (CLD) in children present a broad spectrum of symptoms. Limited resources in Paediatric Hepatology in developing countries like Pakistan pres ... Read More

Objective: This study was aimed to investigate TB patients adherence and treatment outcomes among internally displaced patients in comparison with adjacent settled areas.Methods:The stu ... Read More

Background and Objectives: COVID-19 might cause thrombosis in the arterial and venous system either directly or via indirect means such as cytokine storm or hypoxia. Enoxaparin might contr ... Read More

Background and Objectives:Clinicians need to build an astute doctor-patient relationship. The term clinical empathy is the ability of doctor to cognitively appreciate a patient’s perspecti ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the frequency and predictors of outcome of gastrointestinal complications (GIC) in critically ill children.Methods: This descriptive study was prospectively conducted in The P ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the role of concomitant Internal Limiting Membrane (ILM) peeling during surgery for macula off Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment (RRD) in preventing postoperative Epiretinal ... Read More

Objective: To explore the effect of risperidone combined with olanzapine in the treatment of schizophrenia and its influence on cognitive function.Methods: Ninety-eight schizophrenic patients in o ... Read More

Objective:To analyze the management of severe necrotizing pancreatitis in a specialized center of a lower middle-income country, Pakistan using multiple outcome measures.Methods: All th ... Read More

Background & Objective: Understanding the demographics of mortality and its burden in the emergency department of a tertiary care setup can lead to better planning and allocation of resources to strea ... Read More

Objectives: This study was planned with an aim to find out the effectiveness of oral versus vaginal micronized progesterone for the treatment of threatened miscarriage.Methods:This ra ... Read More

Background & Objective:Gynecological malignancies are important cause of female morbidity and mortality. They pose significant burden on health resources in low middle-income countries. Data on presen ... Read More

It is extremely painful not to accept a couple of manuscripts from researchers for further processing almost daily because of increased submissions and our financial ... Read More

COVID-19 has introduced a couple of new termi-nologies to the medical profession. One of them is Moral Trauma which will be discussed here. And the second equally fascinating term introduced in the U ... Read More

Due to the lack of surgical training opportunities both during the COVID pandemic and to some extent prior to it, this detailed laparoscopic curriculum would be beneficial ... Read More

The use of virtual reality simulation is vital especially in this current climate in order to immerse students in a medical environment and to improve their confidence in dealing with ... Read More

I would like to draw your attention to the heinous act of burning of brides in the South Asian region. The burning of brides is a challenging medico legal and human rights problem of low-and mi ... Read More

Iliopsoas abscess (IPA) is uncommon condition in children, diagnosis might be delayed because of nonspecific signs and symptoms. Only few patients have classical clinical triad at presentation in the ... Read More

Multivalvular destruction may be a clinical manifestation of infective endocarditis (IE), which is a devastating infection of the heart either alone or superimposed with congenital subao ... Read More

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an immune-mediated condition causing thrombocytopenia and paradoxical thrombosis after exposure to heparin or low-molecular-weight heparin. It has be ... Read More

Due to their chemical properties, accidental or suicidal ingestion of batteries into the digestive system can cause fatal complications; Treatment should not be delayed and close monitoring ... Read More

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may further promote the development of Industry 4.0 leading to the fifth industrial revolution (Society 5.0). Industry 4.0 technology such as Big ... Read More

The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the important role of telemedicine as a tool for safe healthcare delivery across the world. While its use was more common in the developed world, the developing w ... Read More

In order to investigate the current status of skin cancer research output in Pakistan, International (PubMed) and national (PakMediNet) scientific databases were searched using variet ... Read More

Objectives: 1) To explore the possible impact of the pandemic on the health seeking behavior of the patients, 2) To explore the relation of socio-demographics on the utility of health ... Read More

Objectives:Suicide attempt has different risk factors for each community. In the study we aimed to reveal the causes of suicide attempt in Turkey’s Eastern part and to make suggestions to prevent suic ... Read More

Objective: To analyze trends of CSs and evaluating them according to Robson’s Ten Groups Classification System (TGCS) at a leading government tertiary care hospital of South Punjab, Pakistan.Methods: ... Read More

Objective: This study aimed to assess health-promoting lifestyles among university medical students and to investigate whether such lifestyles are associated with students’ academic achievement.Method ... Read More

Objective: To determine etiology and outcome of children with lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB).Methods: This was a prospective study conducted at the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology and ... Read More

Objective: To compare the effects of Cranio cervical flexion training with and without pressure biofeedback on deep cervical muscular endurance in patients with mechanical chronic neck pain.Methods: A ... Read More

Objective:Gastric cancer is among the most common human cancers with high mortality rates. ADAM10, a member of the ADAM (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase) family has also been found to be associate ... Read More

Objective: To determine frequency of Muscle Weakness in Non-Hypoxemic COPD out-patients and Comparison with age matched non-COPD Controls.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted ... Read More

Objective: To identify the learning strategies used by the medical students with high Grit for design and implementation of a three months course, to assist the medical students having low Grit.Method ... Read More

Objectives: This study aims to understand students’ perception of the usefulness of end-of-clerkship (EOC) as compared to professional exam Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCE) ... Read More

Objective: To explore the effect of dexmedetomidine hydrochloride on perioperative inflammation and postoperative lung infection in patients with spinal tuberculosis.Method: A double-blind control obs ... Read More

Objective: To compare 7-Day All-Cause Mortality among HDU Patients with Modified Early Warning Score of ≥5 with Those with Score of <5.Methods: All patients of age more than 18 years, of eit ... Read More

Objectives: To find out frequency, clinicopathological features, response of treatment and outcome among children with primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS).Methods: This retrospective, no ... Read More

Objectives: To investigate the clinical dental students’ knowledge on the proper dental setting during COVID-19.Methods: Using multicenter cross-sectional study, a 10-items questionnaire ... Read More

Objective: To assess the DNA damage and oxidative stress among traffic conductors and coal miners.Methods: An analytical cross-sectional survey was conducted in Karak, Pakistan from March ... Read More

Objective: To determine the association of Upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders and Exposure to Ergonomic risk factors among handicraft workers.Methods:This cross-sectional survey was ... Read More

Objective: To find out inter-professional collaboration among speech-language pathologists and nurses in acute care in Pakistan.Methods: This was a cross sectional study which was conducted in all gov ... Read More

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of midazolam-ketamine combination versus fentanyl-propofol combination in pediatric diagnostic colonoscopy.Methods:This is a retrospective st ... Read More

Background and Objective: Subjective memory complaints (SMCs) are suggested to predict dementia at a very early stage. However, association of SMCs with known risk factors of dementia name ... Read More

Objective:To develop an indigenous anxiety scale for adults and to assess the prevalence of anxiety among the adults.Methods: Descriptive explanatory research design was carried out fro ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment in patients having acute ischemic stroke with over-time window under DWI-FLAIR mismatch.Methods:From January 2018 to Jan ... Read More

Objective: To determine intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of hand-held dynamometer for assessing isometric lumbar muscle strength in asymptomatic healthy population.Methods: It was a ... Read More

Background: The current study aimed at investigating the manifestation and prevalence of the commonly reported psychosocial reactions in the university students following the onset of COVID-19 pandemi ... Read More

Objectives: To quantify satisfaction among pharmacists working in pharmaceutical sales or marketing in Pakistan.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among pharmacists working in pharmaceutic ... Read More

Objectives:MCQ’s and SEQ’s are the most widely used assessment tool in dental colleges across Pakistan. This study explores the impact of assessment tool: MCQ’s and SEQ’s on learning approach of denta ... Read More

Background and Objective: Umbilical cord blood which can be obtained by a non-invasive method can be informative about the clinical status of the newborn. It was aimed to establish reference intervals ... Read More

Objective:To derive Duchenne muscular dystrophy patient specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from CD3+T cells of DMD patients using episomal reprogramming and characterization of these DMD- ... Read More

Objectives: To evaluate the outcomes of secondary autologous dermis-fat graft as an orbital implant in anophthalmic sockets. Methods: In this prospective study, which was conducted at Jinnah Post Grad ... Read More

Background & Objective: Eczema herpeticum (EH) is a disseminated viral infection occurring in pre-existing skin conditions and burns. The objective of this study was to d ... Read More

Objective: To compare the mean operative time (MOT) in patients undergoing Ho: YAG laser lithotripsy (LL) and pneumatic lithotripsy (PL) for ureteric stones. Methods: This randomized study was conduct ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the association between ethnicity, environmental factors, lifestyle factors, chronic diseases and pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX).Methods: A case control study con ... Read More

Objective:To investigate the biomechanical effects of osteoporosis on adjacent segments after posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF).Methods: This study was designed and conducted in the Traumatolog ... Read More

Objective: To determine the level of satisfaction as hemodialysis a long term treatment and quality of life in patients off End Stage Kidney Disease ESKD on hemodialysis.Methods: A cross-sectional stu ... Read More

Objective: To find the incidence of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) induction and factors associated with its insertion in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG).Methods: This retrospective observa ... Read More

Objective:To determine the effect of balance training with Biodex Balance System in improving balance function in patients with diabetic neuropathy.Methods: A quasi experimental study was conduc ... Read More

Objectives: To investigate the association of serum chemerin with calcium, alkaline phosphatase and bone mineral density in postmenopausal non-osteoporotic and osteoporotic females.Metho ... Read More

Background & Objectives:The study was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of body and blood fluid exposure incidents such as needle stick injuries, direct contact, splashes, ... Read More

Background and Objective: Worldwide chest trauma is considered one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. There is a lack of sufficient information on the etiology, pattern, and management ... Read More

Objective: To provide an insight on the disruption of multiple facets of residency programs in a multi-centre study.Methods: This cross-sectional survey was carried out by enro ... Read More

Background & Objectives: Generally, the blockage of upper respiratory tract in children is seen with the hypertrophy of adenoids and tonsils. Normally for patients with adenoid hypertrophy (AH), Adeno ... Read More

Objective:To evaluate VMAT plans for conformity and homogeneity of radiation dose to the target in order to share our experience as a pioneering institute to use VMAT technology in Pakistan.Methods:Si ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the diagnostic role of hyperbilirubinemia in acute appendicitis like suppurative and gangrenous appendicitis.Methods: This observational study was conducted at Ward-3, Jinnah ... Read More

Background and Objective:Dental study casts play a vital role in the diagnosis and treatment planning of various orthodontic cases. This study was carried out to compare the tooth widths, arch widths, ... Read More

Objective: In this study we aimed to determine the prediction level of admission diastolic blood pressure (DBP) on the prognosis and mortality in aortic dissection patients over 65 years old and under ... Read More

Objectives:To assess the overall survival of pregnant women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy or became pregnant thereafter.Methods: A retrospective medical record review of 90 patients ... Read More

Objectives: This study was done with the objective to identify the determinants of mild, moderate and frequent burdens of premature ventricular contractions (PVCs) which may g ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the outcome of thrombolysis in patients of prosthetic valve thrombosis.Methods: This retrospective analysis was conducted on data of 84 patients of prosthetic valve thrombosis w ... Read More

Objective: To examine the clinical efficacy of combining Riluzole with mannitol and hyperbaric oxygen therapy in treating thoracolumbar vertebral fracture-induced acute spinal cord injury (ASCI).Metho ... Read More

Background:Epidemiological studies of community acquired acute kidney injury (AKI) are sparse especially from South Asia and none has published from Pakistan. Reported incidences from different countr ... Read More

Background & Objective: Child & adolescent mental health needs to be considered as an integral component of overall health, however significant gaps exist in service provision especiall ... Read More

Objective:The study aimed to assess the safety profile of Direct Acting Anti-Viral’s (DAAs) among patients with chronic Hepatitis C Virus (HCV).Methods:This multicenter, analytical cross-sectional ... Read More

We have read the article “Effect of routine physiotherapy with and without neuromobilization in the management of internal shoulder impingement syndrome: A r ... Read More

Colonoscopy is a technically difficult procedure due to mobility and tortuous anatomy of the colon. It becomes more challenging in women because of deeper transverse colon and a ... Read More

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), first reported in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, has progressed to a pandemic associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Little is known about the ... Read More

The use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and related technologies is rapidly increasing and its application in clinical practice is a promising area of development. Artificial Intelligence can be a sol ... Read More

COVID-19 is a menace for Pakistan’s fragile and overburdened health care system and infrastructure, insidiously permeating the socio-economic fabric. Globally complete to partial shutdow ... Read More

Being diagnosed as positive for SARS-2 CoV RNA on PCR generates anxiety and stress as well as depression due to the prospects of being isolated. With genetically varied forms of virus on the rise the ... Read More

Objective: To develop a clinical technique for objective estimation of exact location and degree of participation of face and neck soft tissues in age-related deformations for ... Read More

Triple A Syndrome is an autosomal recessive entity involving multiple systems usually characterized by adrenal insufficiency, alacrimia and achalasia. The disease features include variab ... Read More

Objective: To determine the frequency of stroke and common factors leading to it after coronary artery bypass grafting.Methods: This study was conducted at Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, ... Read More

Objective: To investigate and compare the effect of decompression and fusion with internal fixation vs. simple decompression in the treatment of elderly patients with two-segment lumbar spinal stenosi ... Read More

Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the diagnostic value of platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in vaginitis patients.Methods: This cr ... Read More

Objective: To describe the mode of presentation and frequency of external genital anomalies in disorder of sex development (DSD)Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Children Hospital & ... Read More

Objective: To identify the risk factors of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) of lower limb in patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgeries, to provide a better understanding of DVT and take prophylactic measu ... Read More

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the rtRT-PCR test and CT in patients presenting with typical clinical symptoms of COVID-19. Methods: The study with the participation of ... Read More

Objective: Surgical patient mortality is progressively being measured for providing better management and care in different healthcare systems world-wide. The aim of this study was to asses ... Read More