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Objectives:To estimate frequency of stunting and associated factors in children aged less than five years in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore.Methods: An Analytical cross-sectional study was conduct ... Read More

Diabetes registries can be used to monitor the prevalence and incidence of diabetes. Diabetes registries are used in many countries for population management of diabetes, outcomes managemen ... Read More

Oral health and dental care are scarcely mentioned in the reports on health care system in Pakistan and many countries abroad e.g. Canada. According to reports ... Read More

From medieval times and through the middle of 20th century women were extinct and in some cases excluded from medical schools. By the end of 19thcentury this extinction came to an end and wome ... Read More

Objective: To find out the outcome of management of brain abscess in children. Methods: This is prospective observational study conducted in the Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery at Children’s H ... Read More

Objective: To determine the morphological variations and location of pterion in Pakistani male population.Methods: This retrospective observational studywas carried out in the De ... Read More

Background and Objective:Open partial nephrectomy (PN) is still considered gold standard procedure for T1 localized renal tumors. Conventional technique involves clamping of the renal artery with or w ... Read More

Objective: To compare and analyze the clinical efficacy of brain radiotherapy combined with targeted therapy and concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of non-small cell ... Read More

Objective: To explore the impact of Blackboard (Bb) formative assessment on the final score in the endocrine module and determine the medical students’ perception of the impact and effe ... Read More

Objective: To observe presentation of Pediatric congenital cardiac defects to the Emergency Department (ED) of a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan.Methods: This is a retrospective chart review ... Read More

Objective: To find out the frequency of ZAP-70, CD38 and CD49d in patients diagnosed with CLL in our population.Methods: This is a cross sectional study conducted in Army Medical College in collaborat ... Read More

Objective:To identify the stage of Hepatocellular Carcinoma(HCC) at the time of presentation.Methods: Thiscross sectional observational prospective study was carried out at Gastro Department ... Read More

Objective: This study estimated the concentration of Ca, Mg and F in drinking water from five counties in Transylvania, Romania and correlated these with mineral values found in the dentine of permane ... Read More

Objective: To determine correlation between transient elastography values with serum ferritin and duration of infection in patients of hepatitis C.Methods: A cross-sectional study was ... Read More

Background and Objective:Data about causes of chronic cough are lacking in our part of world. The aim of our study was to look for spectrum of causes in our setup and to determine a correlation betwee ... Read More

Objective: The literature on interstitial lung diseases is limited. The aim of this research was to make this entity of diseases more understandable to clinicians and general populati ... Read More

Objective: To determine the lifestyles, healthy living strategies and socio-cultural characteristics of elderly people who lived long and healthy.Methods: This study was a cross-secti ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the safety of preoperative stent insertion and compare the short- and long-term outcomes between preoperative stent insertion and emergency surgery in the treatment o ... Read More

Objective:To determine the patterns of maternal nutrition status by using mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) and to examine the association of maternal nutritional status with the nutritio ... Read More

Objective:To investigate the association of gold standard liver biomarkers with serum cytokeratin 18 (CK18), serum Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and serum aspartate (AST).Methods:This wa ... Read More

Objectives: Urinary tract infections are the second most common bacterial infections occurring at all ages and both sexes. The increasing rate of antibiotic resistance is a global concern. The use of ... Read More

1 Pak J Med Sci March - April 2020 Vol. 36 No. 3 www.pjms.org.pk 396Correspondence:Yuqin Zhao,Emergency Intensive Care Unit,Binzhou People’s Hospital,No. 515, Huanghe 7th Road,Sh ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the impact of nephrostomy tube type on postoperative pain and blood loss following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL).Methods: This is a prospective non-randomized studyperform ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the frequency of impaired fasting glucose in first degree relatives of people with Type-II diabetes and its association with BMI.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conduc ... Read More

Background & Objective:A Craniotomy (CO) or decompressive craniectomy (DC) are the two main surgical procedures employed for evacuation of acute traumatic subdural hematoma (ASDH). However, the optima ... Read More

Objective:To investigate the failure loads of dentin bonded all-ceramic crowns when luted with Bioactive, resin and glass ionomer cements (GIC) in an in-vitro setting.Methods: This study was conducted ... Read More

Objective: To determine the risk factors, presentation and outcome of meningomyelocele repair Methods: We reviewed 150 cases operated for meningomyelocele (MMC) at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre K ... Read More

Objective: To determine efficacy of diclofenac suppository in reducing post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) and identify risk factors for PEP. Methods: This is a placebo-based prospective study at Dep ... Read More

Background and Objective: GLP-one receptor agonists are amongst the unique antidiabetes medications that have significant metabolic and cardiovascular benefits in addition to glucose lowering effect. ... Read More

Objective:To evaluate the therapeutic effects of internal fixation with support plates and cannulated screws via the posterolateral approach on supination external rotation stage IV ankle fracture.Met ... Read More

Objective: Serum Vitamin-D plays pivotal role in inflammatory and infectious diseases; among them liver infections are more distinct. This study was aimed to determine Vitamin-D status in HCV-infected ... Read More

Objective: The role of methyl prednisolone in longitudinal extensive transverse myelitis in children is not completely discovered in developing country like Pakistan. So this is the firs ... Read More

Objective: To document our experience of the primary anterior sagittal anorectoplasty (ASARP) in female patients with lower and wide fistula in term of the early post operative outcome.Methods: A retr ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the effects of rehabilitation training of core muscle stability on stroke patients with hemiplegia.Methods:A total of 180 stroke patients who were hospita ... Read More

Objective: To determine the association of systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) score in pediatric onset SLE (p-SLE) with clinical and laboratory parameters.Methods: This cro ... Read More

Objective: Domains of professionalism are well-described in the literature. Examining the elements of Professionalism in the local context have received less attention from education expe ... Read More

Objective:Genetic variation analysis of rare autosomal recessive Niemann-Pick disease (NPD) Pakistani patients. Methods:We sequenced theSMPD1 gene including its all coding and flanking reg ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the effect of preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen of XELOX (capecitabine combined with oxaliplatin) on surgical condition and oncogene expression ... Read More

Objective:The aim of this study was to assess nurses’ health-related quality of life.Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was accomplished among 154 nurses. Data were collected from two tert ... Read More

Objective:To determine the frequency of microalbuminuria (MAU) or Moderate Albumin Excretion (MAE) in treatment naïve type II diabetic patients and to compare the frequency of silent myocardial ischem ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of ambroxol in the treatment of asthmatic bronchitis.Methods: One hundred and twenty patients with asthmatic bronchitis who were admitted to our hospit ... Read More

Objective: To find out if there is any relationship of methylation status of ABO gene promoter with the risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in a hospital-based Pakistani population i ... Read More

Objectives:To investigate the severity of cognitive dysfunction and sleep quality impairment in patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) strokes across the left and right hemisphere. Mor ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of paroxetine combined with olanzapine in the treatment of senile schizophrenia with depression.Methods: Eighty-four elderly schizophrenic patients with ... Read More

Objectives: To calculate the anterior lamina cribrosa depth (ALCD) and lamina cribrosa thickness (LCT) in primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) patients and controls and to correlate lamina cribrosa (LC) ... Read More

Objective:The aim was to assess the influence of Er,Cr:YSGG laser (ECL) and fractional carbon dioxide laser (FCL) on the shear bond strength (SBS) and microleakage of bioactive restorative ... Read More

Objective:To investigate the effects of two kinds of surgical resection schemes, a conventional open surgical scheme and a thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy surgical scheme, on operation ... Read More

Objectives:To determine the level of stress experienced and coping strategies used by parents of hearing impaired and autistic children.Methods:Using non-probability convenience sampling this cross se ... Read More

Objective:To compare the microleakage around resin modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) based sealants and flowable resin based sealants placed with or without ameloplasty in extracted hum ... Read More

Objective: To analyze the clinical effect of delivery ball and free position delivery nursing in primipara delivery.Methods: Total 110 primipara who were admitted to the department of gynecology and o ... Read More

Objective: To determine the frequency of Allergic Fungal Rhino-sinusitis (AFRS) in Chronic Rhino-sinusitis (CRS) patients and the accuracy of fungal culture in diagnosing AFRS.Methods: Immunocompetent ... Read More

Objective: To discuss the function of mixed reality (MR) technology in guiding location of intervertebral foramen microscopic puncture and analyze its feasibility and clinical application value. Metho ... Read More

Objective: To assess the attitudes of psychiatric patients towards electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) as a treatment modality.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted fr ... Read More

Objective: This study aims to discuss the value of ultrasonic analysis and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) antibody analysis in evaluating the state of rheumatoid arthritis (RA).M ... Read More

To evaluate the correlation between refractive errors and change in intraocular pressure in patients undergoing cataract surgery.Methods:This interventional retrospective case study was c ... Read More

Higher Education Commission of Pakistan has been extending financial assistance to its recognized journals in various disciplines including health sciences to help overcome their financial ... Read More

Objective:There are growing concerns towards the quality of medical education in Pakistan. Tohelp strengthen accreditation processes, this study identifies the challenges towards quality a ... Read More

Objective: The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to developing web-based, anonymous reporting system to increase reporting of medication errors, blood transfusion errors and pat ... Read More

Objective: To determine the role of variants in BRCA1 gene in breast cancer development, women of Pakistani origin, diagnosed with breast cancer, were screened for variants in the BRCA ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the effect of magnesium sulfate combined with nifedipine in the treatment of pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome (PIHS).Methods: Total 118 pregnant women with PIHS ... Read More

Objective:To investigate the effects of maternal preeclampsia on inflammatory cytokines and neonatal outcomes in premature infants.Methods:The study included preterm infants born at gestational age ≤3 ... Read More

Objectives: Occupational and environmental pollution have become an imperative jeopardy for developing devastating metabolic diseases. Limited animal model studies have examined the impact of exposure ... Read More

Objective: To determine number of sessions of Endoscopic variceal band ligation required to obliterate the esophageal varices.Methods: This study was conducted at Civil Hospital Karachi between June 2 ... Read More

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Suprachoroidal Triamcinolone Acetonide (SCTA) injection in patients with treatment resistant Diabetic Macular Edema (DME).Methods: This was a prospe ... Read More

Objectives:The value of gastric residual volume (GRV) monitoring in ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) has frequently been questioned in the past years. In this trial, the effect of GRV ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effect of tirofiban hydrochloride sodium chloride injection combined with cardiovascular intervention on acute myocardial infarction.Methods: Eight ... Read More

Objective: To find out the application value of minimally invasive percutaneous dilational tracheostomy in critically ill patients in intensive care unit (ICU). Methods: One hundred and forty critical ... Read More

Background & Objective: Fetuin-A, hepatokine is responsible for instigating insulin resistance by inhibiting tyrosine kinase receptors. Our objective was to investigate the relationship of fetuin-A wi ... Read More

Objective: To discuss clinical effect of different dosage of rituximab combined with cyclophosphamide in treatment of refractory immune thrombocytopenia (rITP). Method:Thisstudy was conducted at Depar ... Read More

Objectives:To present 7 years data mentioning the spectrum of preneoplastic & neoplastic cases of intestine received at Dow Diagnostic Research and Reference Laboratory.Methods:All the c ... Read More

Objective: To study the value of color Doppler ultrasound and ultrasound contrast in differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors.Methods: Ninety-six patients with ovarian tumors who were treated in our h ... Read More

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to assess dentin shear bond strength (SBS) and mode of bond failure of bioactive cement (BA) in comparison to conventional resin cement when photosensit ... Read More

Objective:To determine the ideal method for postoperative pain management after circumcision by comparing the most frequently used different methods like; dorsal penile block, caudal epidu ... Read More

Objective: To determine the effectiveness of Occupational therapy (OT) in improving activities of daily living performance in complete cervical tetraplegic patients.Methods: A quasi experimental study ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of marking targeting biopsy (MTB) in the intraoperative localization value of colon polypectomy.Methods:The clinical data from patients with polyp of ... Read More

Objective: The advantages of laparoscopic surgery used in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy is well-known; however, the efficacy of uterine manipulators remains unknown. In this study, we ... Read More

Objective: The aim of the present in-vitro study was to assess antimicrobial efficacy of 0.8% hyaluronic acid (HA) and 0.2% Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX) against Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivali ... Read More

Background & Objective: Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) broadly includes the whole spectrum of reflux disease symptoms like heartburn or acid regurgitation to endoscopic, reflux esophagitis or ... Read More

Objective: To discuss theclinical effect and safety evaluation of laparoscopic nephron sparing surgery (LNSS) under selective segmental renal artery clamping (SSRAC) and main renal artery ... Read More

Background & Objectives: Transient paralysis of facial nerve is seen to vary from 15 % to 66 % in post-parotid surgery. The objective of this study was to find out the complications in post-parotidect ... Read More

Objective: To compare the effects of uterine compression suture versus conventional mode of treatment for the management of postpartum haemorrhage after caesarean section.Methods: This study enrolle ... Read More

Objective:To study the prevalence of inducible clindamycin along with vancomycin and methicillin resistanceand assessment of hyper variable region (HVR) of mecA gene among different clinic ... Read More

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of decitabine combined with CAG ((cytarabine + aclacinomycin + granulocyte colony stimulating factor)) regimen and CAG regimen alone in the treatment of e ... Read More

Background & Objective:Chronic rhino sinusitis (CRS) is an inflammatory condition of the paranasal sinuses and the nasal passage lasting more than three months either with or without sinon ... Read More

Objective:To determine the cases of Noninvasive Follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary like nuclear features (NIFTP) in Pakistani population retrospectively. Another objective was to determine the ... Read More

Objective: To study and compare the clinical effects of azithromycin and erythromycin on children with mycoplasma pneumonia.Methods: Total 132 children with mycoplasma pneumonia who were admit ... Read More

Objectives: The objectives were to evaluate the intensity of pain perceived 24 hours following insertion of fixed orthodontic appliance components i-e separators, bands and brackets.Methods: This cro ... Read More

Objective: Despite the national/international warnings and little evidence as to whether over-the-counter cough and cold medications (OTC-CCM) are effective, physicians frequently overprescribe, paren ... Read More

Objective: To determine effect of pre-endoscopy intake of simethicone solution on endoscopic mucosal visibility.Methodology: A randomized, single blinded placebo control trial was done in pa ... Read More

Background and Objective:Factor VII (FVII) deficiency is probably one of the most common of the rare autosomal recessive coagulation disorders, with an estimated prevalence of l: 500000. All age group ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the clinical efficacy of uniportal thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy in the treatment of lung cancer. Methods: One hundred and ten patients with lung cancer who were ... Read More

Objective: To document our experience of initial management of Cloacal malformation in female patients.Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Pediatric Surgery o ... Read More

Objective:To study the expressions of TIMP-1 and MMP-9 in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) complicated with spontaneous pneumothorax, and their correlations with tr ... Read More

Objective: To determine the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in healthcare workers in tertiary care hospitals of Rawalpindi, using interferon gamma release assay. Methods: It was a c ... Read More

Objective: To explore the value of gastrointestinal endoscopy in the early diagnosis and treatment of gastrointestinal tumors and lay a foundation for the diagnosis and treatment of gast ... Read More

Objective:To determine the frequency of additional chromosomal abnormalities in Philadelphia chromosome positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) by conventional cytogenetic analysis.Methods:T ... Read More

Objective:The aim of this study was to evaluate factors affecting oral health related quality of life (OHRQoL) of patients using removable dental prosthesis.Methods: The present stu ... Read More

Objective: To compare the neck length, relative neck length and height between patients with cervical spondylosis and healthy subjects.Methods: This case control study was conducted at Patel hospital, ... Read More

Objective: In the treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP), the influence of safety and applicability of uniportal video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) bullectom ... Read More

Objective:To assess the relationship between internet addiction (IA) and academic performance among the medical students of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan. Methods:A cross-sectional study was done involving 3 ... Read More

Objective: To investigate the clinical effect of microsurgical scleral drainage and trabeculectomy combined with scleral flap adjustable suture technique in the treatment of primary glaucoma.Met ... Read More

Background & Objective: Subacute Granulomatous Thyroiditis (De Quervain’s Thyroiditis) is an acute painful inflammatory disease of the thyroid. We aimed to investigate easily accessible an ... Read More

Objective: To gauge the recent breadth of MDR E. coli along with antibiogram of carbapenemase producing (CP) E. coli among children from an institute which receives patients from all over Punjab. Meth ... Read More

Objective: To investigate gender role in quality of life, anxiety, and depression in chronic kidney disease patients. The study hypothesized that men will score high on depression and, anxiety and wil ... Read More

Objective: To determine the quality of life of students of a private medical college in Karachi in Pakistan.Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted among 217 medical students of ... Read More

Objective: To describe the demographics; clinical, laboratory, echocardiographic findings; treatment and outcome in a cohort of children with Kawasaki disease in a tertiary care hospital.Methods: This ... Read More

Objective: To assess clinicopathological characteristics of primary gastro-entero-pancreatic poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-PDNECAs) and evaluate overall survival in pati ... Read More

Objective: Chlorhexidine mouthrinses are considered a gold standard as an adjunct treatment of oral infections. However, owing to its toxicity, discoloration of tooth surface and ... Read More

Objective:This study presents the effects of intraoperative nerve monitoring on RLN injuries in patients who underwent primary surgery for benign thyroid pathology.Methods:We retrospectively evaluat ... Read More

Objective: To discuss the clinical application of laparoscopic anatomical adrenalectomy via the renal cortex surface in the operation of adrenal masses.Methods:A retrospective analysis was perf ... Read More

Objective:To compare the scores obtained on written and OSCE examination during pediatrics end semester examination and to find out the reasons for the discrepancies among the scores obta ... Read More

Objective: To determine diagnostic accuracy of NMP 22 and urine cytology in the detection of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) urinary bladder taking cystoscopy as a gold standard in patients having p ... Read More

Objective:To explore the trend of medical call writing by doctors working in tertiary care hospitals.Methods: A quantitative descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out to evaluate the quality o ... Read More

Objectives: Interprofessional Education (IPE) provides an environment where learners demonstrate the knowledge, skills and attitude required to manage the complex clinical scenarios in a co ... Read More

Objective: To compare the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis after eventful cataract surgery i.e. posterior capsular rupture, in patients managed with anterior vitrectomy and intra ocular lens ... Read More

Objective: To have a systematic standardized approach to performing and interpretation of coronary CT Angiography (CTA) in order to maintain and enhance the diagnostic accuracy of the imaging modality ... Read More

Objectives:To determine the awareness about autism among Medical and Allied-Medical Practitioners.Methods:This cross-sectional survey recruited a sample of n=300 participants including n=150 Medical a ... Read More

Background and objectives: Ejection fraction (EF) is a measurement of heart function that reflects the portion of pumped out blood from the filled left ventricle per each heartbeat. The current study ... Read More

Objective: The third international consensus definition for sepsis and septic shock (sepsis 3) task force recently introduced qSOFA (quick sequential organ failure assessment) as a scor ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of modified interlaminar decompression in patients with degenerative lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS).Methods:This descriptive observational study was conducted a ... Read More

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate pattern of markers of inflammation in apparently healthy drivers who exposed to traffic fumes.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from June ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in obstructive jaundice taking MRCP as gold standard.Methods:This cross-sectional studywas conducted atDow Institute of Radiology (DIR), Do ... Read More

Objective: To analyze the clinical effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) combined with pulmonary surfactant in the treatment of neonatal respiratory distress syndrom ... Read More

Objective:The objective of the study was to assess the outcome of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) in healthy children.Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on 3 ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the clinical success, technical success and complications related to Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) guided Pancreatic pseudocyst (PPC) drainage.Methods:This retrospect ... Read More

Objective: To assess the effects of nutrition education intervention on dietary practices and nutritional status of pregnant women.Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 215 pregnant women were en ... Read More

Objective: To assess the prevalence of domestic violence, associated risk factors, and its impacts on women’s mental health in Gilgit-Baltistan (GB), Pakistan.Methods: This is a sequent ... Read More

Objective: Bleeding is one of the most common and alarming complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of ciprofloxacin and cefuroxime on the bl ... Read More

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of sequential butylphthalide therapy combined with dual antiplatelet therapy in the treatment of elderly patients with acute cerebral infarction ... Read More

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of basic surgical skill workshop at under graduate level.Methods: This was randomized controlled study (cross-over design) conducted at Al-Nafees Medical Colle ... Read More

Objectives: To evaluate the impact of haemorrhagic ascites on prognosis of patients with advance cirrhosis, this study was further aimed to assess the relationship between haemorrhagic ascites and adv ... Read More

Background & Objective: Routine physiotherapy has been advocated was an effective treatment for internal shoulder impingement syndrome. However, there is lack of best exercise treatment ... Read More

An important aspect ensuring quality education and training in a medical and dental institution is the credential of its faculty. So far when it comes to the faculty ap ... Read More

Most of us have attended medical conferences and will continue to do so. I love attending them. Everyone has his own motives and ideas about attending these events.1 Many ... Read More

Actinomycosis is a rare infectious disease that presents as three entities, cervico-facial, abdominal and genital, with cervico-facial being the commonest. Due to its subacute presentation and indolen ... Read More

Background and Objective: Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare, life-threatening necrotizing renal parenchymal infection. Traditional management of EPN with nephrectomy had a mortality of 40-5 ... Read More

Corrosive ingestion in children is a common problem in low income countries. These agents cause injuries and later strictures of esophagus and stomach. Gastric outlet obstruction is known complication ... Read More

Intrauterine retention of fetal bones is a rare complication of unsafe abortion. Patients may present with infertility, chronic pelvic pain, menorrhagia and vaginal discharge. Here, we ... Read More

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) in children after treatment of femoral neck fracture is a very rare condition. This complication should be recognized promptly and treated urgently. ... Read More

Worldwide, tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death, and the leading cause from a single infectious agent. Pakistan has an overwhelming burden of TB and it ... Read More

Pakistan is experiencing a “double burden’’ of disease. Under-development is associated with illnesses like infections and nutritional deficiency, and is accompanied with diseases linked with developm ... Read More

Background and Objective: Malaria is an arthropod-borne infectious disease transmitted by the mosquito Anopheles and claims millions of lives globally every year. Reasons for failure to eradicate this ... Read More

Objectives: To determine the frequency of diabetes in pregnancy (DIP), namely pre-gestational, gestational (GDM) and overt diabetes mellitus (DM) in women registered for delivery.Methods:A retros ... Read More

Objective:To determine the frequency of vertebral fractures in patients presenting with hip fractures.Methods:This prospective study was conducted at The Indus Hospital, Karachi, from May 2018 to Nove ... Read More

Objective: To assess the impact of structured counselling on the knowledge of patients and families attending the Tuberculosis (TB) clinic at the Indus Hospital, Karachi.Methods: This wa ... Read More

Background and Objective:Surgical site infections (SSIs) usually manifest post-discharge, rendering accurate diagnosis and treatment challenging, thereby catalyzing the development of altern ... Read More

Objective:To study the clinical presentation, treatment, and outcome of Retinoblastoma (Rb) in a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Ped ... Read More

Background and Objective: Childbirth ranks amongst the most painful experiences a woman has to endure. In developing countries issues related to awareness, acceptability and availability of analgesia ... Read More

Objective: Structured trauma care has proven to improve patient outcomes, and this is more relevant in the low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The objective of this study was to determine the di ... Read More

Objective: Vascular anomalies are a diverse group of lesions, ranging from simple to complex, disfiguring anomalies. Our objective was to diagnose and provide comprehensive treatment to pat ... Read More

Objective: To determine frequency of post induction and post consolidation minimal residual disease (MRD) in pediatric B-lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients and its association with cl ... Read More

Objectives:To investigate the clinical characteristics, risks and outcomes of Paradoxical upgrading reactions (PUR) during anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) in superficial tuberculous lymph ... Read More

The Indus Health Network (IHN) is becoming a major player in Pakistan’s healthcare system. With expanding hospitals, rehabilitation centres, blood banks and public health programs, it p ... Read More

Indus Hospital is a part of the ever expanding Indus Health Network which is providing state of the art tertiary care facilities to the people free of cost. Over the last five years this institution h ... Read More